National flag of CyprusThe Republic of Cyprus was the first to place a map of the country on its national flag.
largest island in the Mediterranean Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean.
Southernmost pointThe southernmost point of the European Union in Cyprus.
Copper and bronze ageCyprus was an incredibly rich state during the copper and bronze age.
First Christian missionCyprus was the first place visited by the apostles Paul and Barnabas during the first Christian mission. The island was the first to fall under the control of the Christian Church.
Pafos is a world heritage site by UNESCOThe whole city of Pafos is a world heritage site by UNESCO. In total, Cyprus has three geographical UNESCO world heritage sites — the city of Paphos, churches with paintings in the Troodos area, and the Neolithic settlement of Khirokitia.
Cyprus is the only foreign venue for an English Royal weddingEnglish Royal weddings are usually held in England. However, on May 12, 1191, a Royal wedding took place in Cyprus — here king Richard the Lionheart married Berengaria of Navarre. Thus, the medieval castle of Limassol is the only foreign venue for an English Royal wedding.
Cyprus dessert wine “Commandaria”Cyprus dessert wine “Commandaria”, which is 5000 years old, known for its unique aroma and taste, is recognized as the oldest wine in the world. This fact is even included in the Guinness book. Cyprus dessert wine was discovered 5,000 years ago in the foothills of the Troodos mountains. Supposedly, king Richard the Lionheart himself drank Commandaria at his wedding and called it “the wine of kings and the king of wines”.
Wild orchidsCyprus has twenty species of wild orchids.
Cyprus flowersOf the 1,950 species of flowers that grow on planet Earth, 140 species of flowers grow only in Cyprus, which is 7% of the total number of all flowers on the planet.
Many bird species can be found in CyprusBecause of the island’s location on one of the major migration routes across the Mediterranean Sea, many bird species can be found in Cyprus in spring and autumn. 371 species of migratory birds have been recorded on the island.
Cyprus MouflonThe symbol of Cyprus – Cyprus Mouflon. However, if you live on an island, you may never see it.
The Christian catacombs in PaphosThe tree of Desire is at the entrance to the Christian catacombs in Paphos. It is decorated with ribbons and handkerchiefs. People believe that if something that belongs to them is tied to a tree along with faith, something good will happen. It is said that the tree helps infertile women to get pregnant and give birth to a child, and to establish relationships in the family or return a loved one.
Cat in CyprusIn Cyprus, the remains of the oldest domestic cat were found, buried with its owner. Archaeologists have found that the remains are about 9500 years old.
Oldest perfume was discovered in CyprusThe world’s oldest perfume was discovered in Cyprus! A team of Italian archaeologists discovered this treasure in 2005 in Pyrgos, Cyprus. The perfume has been stored in tiny translucent bottles for over 4,000 years! The aromatic components of the Cyprus perfume were lavender, rosemary, pine and coriander.
The Cypriot village of LefkaraThe Cypriot village of Lefkara, famous for its beautiful lace. Lefkaritika embroidery skills are passed down from mother to daughter. It is rumored that during a visit to Cyprus, Leonardo da Vinci admired Lefkara lace and purchased it for the main altar of the Duomo di Milano. There is a legend that it was the magnificent Lefkara lace that inspired Leonardo da Vinci to create the design of the tablecloth of the famous painting “the last supper”.
Halloumi cheeseThe famous Cypriot Halloumi cheese dates back to the medieval Byzantine period. Gourmet dream-Cyprus Halloumi cheese, which is now known all over the world, was first made in Cyprus in the Medieval Byzantine era from a mixture of cow’s and goat’s milk.
Beaches in CyprusOver 55 beaches in Cyprus have been awarded the Blue flag. The Foundation for environmental education (FEE) awarded over 55 Cypriot beaches with the Blue flag for full compliance with the adopted directives, compliance with environmental requirements, water quality standards, cleanliness and safety. All beaches in Cyprus are municipal — this means they are free and the entrance to any of them, even if it is located opposite the most luxurious hotel, is free for everyone.
KolokasiKolokasi is a root vegetable cultivated in Cyprus. Kolokasi, a sweet potato, is grown on the island. It is used to make stews, purees and chips.
Green turtlesCyprus is one of the few places in the world where Green turtles and Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) nest.
Pink flamingosCyprus is home to about 10,000 pink flamingos. About 10,000 pink flamingos, during their migration to the South, stop in Cyprus: in Larnaca, on the salt lake Aliki and lake Oroklini and on the salt lake Akrotiri in Limassol.